Ford Motor Company is one of the oldest and most famous car companies in the world. It was founded in 1903, but the Ford Mustang, about which we shall write here, was not introduced until 1963, a full seventeen years after Henry’s death. Since then, several versions of the vehicle have been made, divided into six generations, the most recent of them beginning this year. This article will give a brief history of the Ford Mustang, including the prototype and the previous five generations. It will then go into the main features of the current generation.
In 1962, then-Ford President Lee Iacocca led a committee of company managers called the Fairlane Group, whose objective was to design a new car that could compete with the Corvair Monza sports coupe that General Motors had built in 1959. The Ford Mustang that came out as a result of the ideas of the committee members resulted, in turn, in a mushrooming of new models by competing companies; among these were the Pontiac Firebird, the Dodge Challenger, the Chevrolet Camaro and the AMC Javelin, and Chrysler vamped up its Plymouth Barracuda. The longest-lasting generation of Ford Mustangs was the third, which was in production for fourteen years (1979-1993). Even more important, a new class of American automobiles, known as “pony cars,” arose, of which the Mustang was the first. These cars had short rear decks and long hoods, giving them a “sporty” appearance. The Mustang is the only such vehicle that has been produced continually in the same form for more than fifty years. (more…)